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MessagePosté le: Mar 20 Juin - 22:04 (2017)    Sujet du message: Reducing Maritime Emissions: Policy Recommendations For The Répondre en citant

bound: 31 pages
publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers (April 24, 2017)
lang: English
asin: B071RL98N1
filesize: 1296 KB

Reducing maritime emissions: Policy recommendations for the future of Nordic green marine transport (TemaNord Book 2017511) Nordic Council of Ministers
Reducing maritime emissions: Policy recommendations for the future of Nordic green marine transport (TemaNord Book 2017511) free writer original german reader

This study focuses on the shrimp fishery, although reductions in fuel use are of equal importance in other sectors in the economyIn Nordic Council, 65th Session, Oslo, 2931 October, 2013Biaystok: Temida 2.Economic value of Nordic ecosystems assessedRetrieved from Czarny, RThe results are presented in section C1.5Niiranen, MGeological Survey of Finland Special Paper 49: 2333.Google Scholar2010

Imposing fuel taxation corresponding to national fuel tax levels on the optimized fishery would imply a reduction of the fleet by approximately 80 vessels in total, and a reduction in fuel consumption of 39 thousand m 3This report uses models that integrate economics and biology to analyze how CO 2 emissions, fleet structure, economic performance and employment opportunities are affected by efficient fisheries policies and by imposing fuel taxes or CO 2 trading schemes in Nordic fisheriesThere are barriers that industry and government must work on collectively, potentially via joint public-private partnershipsThis leads to the result that only a few vessel groups remain active2011The increase in fuel consumption and CO 2 emissions can be explained in part by the increase in number of freezing trawlers from 35 in the baseline to in the scenariosBrussels: European Commission.Google ScholarReducing Climate Impact from Fisheries 135138 Table C5.6In general, the results from scenarios 1, 3, 4 are similar, indicating that the vessel 124 Reducing Climate Impact from Fisheries127 segments included are not sensitive to slight cost increasesSecond, we consider the data and the model, and finally we consider the results

The first column in Table C1.8 shows the current situation where the demersal fishery as a total has a negative profit, and large demersal trawlers (24 40 m) make the greatest lossesThis indicates that vessels would be more efficient in their use of fuel if the total profit in the sector was maximized and if fuel taxes were introducedRiver Tornionjoki produces one third of the wild salmon in the Baltic Sea, which translates to a salmon catch of several hundred thousand kilograms per year for the fishermen in the Baltic Sea regionThe four scenarios are not that different regarding the optimal profits and resource rentThe Finnish salmon model has the most developed biological part of the three models, but, on the other hand, only includes one fishing segment and one species16 In April 2011 the European Commission presented its proposal for a renewal of the rules on taxation of energy products in the European UnionAs a measure for the long-run optimal CO 2 quota price, the CO 2 quota price identified for the year 2100 by Stern (2006) is also presented, although this price has been criticised for being unrealistically large (Nordhaus 2007)

This relation appears when assuming that the vessel groups included in this report catch a fixed share of the stock in relation to the vessels which are not included, but which are fishing the same stocksThe national taxation differs widely among the Nordic countries, and for some the national taxation is very low, implying that their emissions will be higher in this scenario compared to the EU and Stern scenariosTherefore, the resource rent becomes less than zeroHere the fishing industry is also included in the EU permit market and the long-run value of permits is the relevant cost to includeThe parameters a and b are identified knowing X i corresponding to MSY for each stock and identifying E j MSY and E j 0 and Q i 0 (the current situation)This overestimation is not made for the maximum resource rent, since capitalisation only represents a transfer, not a cost, for the societyNational tax policy imposed on fisheries 79c7fb41ad

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